Element FORM/USE: NON-FINITE WITH '-ING'
SuperCat CLAUSES
SubCat subordinated
Lexical Range N/A
Level B2
Cando Can use a non-finite subordinate clause with 'after' + 'having/being' + '-ed' form, before a main clause, to refer to past time.
Corrected Learner Example After having worked for many hours, you'll probably be tired. (Brazil; B2 VANTAGE; 1993; Portuguese; Fail)

After having left you, we reached Dublin and we stayed there for four days and then we made a tour of Ireland. (Italy; B2 VANTAGE; 1993; Italian; Pass)

After being given the pass you'll be able to take as many pictures you like. (Greece; B2 VANTAGE; 2009; Greek; Pass)
Uncorrected Learner Example
Comments N/A

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